Pailu Wang - San Jose CA
Chuen-Der Lien - Los Altos Hills CA
Kyle W. Terrill - Campbell CA
Integrated Device Technology, Inc. - Santa Clara CA
A patterned planarized insulating layer and a patterned metal layer form all local interconnects required within six-transistor SRAM cells. Supply voltage and ground lines are formed in the metal layer or in a separate layer to maximize available wiring area. Local interconnect size is maximized to increase node capacitance within the cells and reduce soft error rates, and supply voltage and ground wiring area is maximized for added cell stability and static noise margin improvement. Openings in the insulating layer for contacts, including local interconnects, bit lines, supply voltage and ground contacts, are formed with a single mask and self-aligned contact etch. Line size and spacing for the patterned metal layer is minimized because surface contours do not disturb masking and etching and all openings are formed using a single mask. The metal layer can be made thin so that the layers overlying the interconnect layer are nearly flat and so that bonding pads in the metal layer are eliminated. In one embodiment, the metal layer includes a glue layer and a plug layer and is etched to remove the plug layer from above the surface of the insulating layer.